The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a federal law that affords parents the right to have access to their children's education records, seek to have the records amended, and have some control over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from the education records. When a student turns 18 or enters a postsecondary institution at any age, the rights under FERPA transfer from the parents to the student ("eligible student"). The FERPA statute is found at 20 U.S.C. § 1232g and the FERPA regulations are found at 34 CFR Part 99.
FERPA of 1974 governs the release of student education records, as maintained by an educational institution with access to these records.